Reproduction is one of the essential parts of our life. But certain diseases can alter it. One of them is ovarian cancer – a condition that claims thousands of women every year.
Ovarian cancer attacks the reproductive organ of the female, typically the ovaries. It is one of many leading causes of cancer death among women, and you can be the next one. Hence everyone needs to have knowledge and awareness about ovarian cancer.
In this blog, we will briefly share the important things you should know about ovarian cancer.
What is Ovarian Cancer?
The ovaries are almond-sized organs located at each side of the uterus, making eggs and female hormones. When you have ovarian cancer, there’s an abnormal growth that develops the inner and outer layer of the ovaries by the malignant cells.
Early detection is a bit difficult as the ovaries are located in the abdomen cavity. Many times the symptoms can be mistaken for other disorders. Hence, consulting a private gynaecologist will walk you in the right direction.
What Causes Ovarian Cancer?
There’s no specific cause known for the detection of ovarian cancer. But there are higher risks of ovarian cancer if you have:
- Family history of ovarian cancer
- Uterine, breast or colorectal cancer
- Never been pregnant
Besides the causes mentioned above, there is an increased risk of developing ovarian cancer as you grow older.
What Are The Symptoms of Ovarian Cancer?
Unfortunately, ovarian cancer can develop and spread rapidly without depicting the symptoms. If you notice any of the symptoms, then it’s time to consult a private gynaecology clinic in London. Symptoms include-
- Vaginal bleeding, especially after menopause
- Unusual discharge from the vagina
- Pain in the pelvic area
- Abdominal or backache
- Bloating and Fatigue
- Weight loss
- Feeling full too quickly or not having enough appetite
- Having urinary urgency
- Changes in the bowel – constipation or diarrhoea.
Types of Ovarian Cancer
Depending upon the type of the cancer cell and where it begins will determine the type of ovarian cancer. The doctor will determine the best possible treatment that works best for you. Ovarian cancer is of the following types:
- Epithelial Ovarian Cancer – one of the most common types of cancer that include several subtypes.
- Stromal Tumors – it’s diagnosed at an early stage, unlike other types of cancer.
- Germ Cell Tumors – it’s a rare ovarian cancer that occurs at a young age.
Can I Prevent Ovarian Cancer?
There’s no particular remedy or prevention that can cure ovarian cancer. There are ways you can reduce the risk of ovarian cancer by maintaining a healthy weight, eating habits, and lifestyle. Understanding your family history can help you in understanding the risks involved with ovarian cancer.
Pay attention and listen to your body and realise what’s normal to you. There are no effective screening tests that can identify ovarian cancer, and pap smears effectively cure cervical cancer. CA-125 blood tests and ultrasound can detect ovarian cancer, but it’s not effective enough to find it in the early stage.
We recommend you get your medical checkups done regularly. Besides, there is consistently ongoing research related to ovarian cancer. Learn more about the clinical trials to know about the opportunities and advancements related to ovarian cancer.